My Italian word of the day: filtrava

I have set myself the challenge of translating the romanzo, ‘La forma dell’acqua‘ di Andrea Camilleri into English at the rate of a word a day.

 

La Parola del Giorno

La Parola del Giorno

 

The fifth word in the book is ‘filtrava‘. My dictionary gives this as:

filtrava (vi & vt) = was filtering, filtered

filtrava is the 3rd personal singular imperfect indicative (3° persona singolare dell’indicativo imperfetto) of the verb filtrare

and gives as example:

la luce filtrava dalla finestra = the light filtered in through the window

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The story so far

Original Text:

Lume d’alba non filtrava

Translation:

Dawn’s light was not filtering

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Vocabulary:

alba sf dawn, sunrise, daybreak
di , d’ prep of, from
filtrava vi & vt was filtering, filtered
filtrava is the 3rd personal singular imperfect indicative (3° persona singolare dell’indicativo imperfetto) of the verb filtrare
la luce filtrava dalla finestra = the light filtered in through the window
lume sm light, lamp
non avv not
io non ho = I have not
Franco non ha = Frank has not

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Abbreviations:

avv avverbo adverb
prep preposizione preposition
sf sostinavo feminile feminine noun
sm sostinavo maschile masculine noun
vi verbo intransitivo intransitive verb
vt verbo transitivo transitive verb

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2 thoughts on “My Italian word of the day: filtrava

  1. Another note about verbs:

    Indicative mood:

    The normal mood of a verb as in ‘I like’, ‘he came’, ‘we are trying’ as opposed to subjunctive, conditonal and imperative moods.

    The indicative mood is the most common and is used to express facts and opinions or to make inquiries. Most of the statements you make or you read will be in the indicative mood.

  2. A note about verbs:

    Imperfect Tense

    The imperfect is a past tense used to express what someone was doing or what someone used to do or to describe something in the past. The imperfect refers particularly to something that continued over a period of time, as opposed to something that happened at a specific time.

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